Nyepi is a Hindu holiday which is celebrated every year in Saka. Fall on Tilem Kesanga (IX), which is the cleansing day of the gods in the center of the ocean that brings the essence of the water to life. For this reason Hindus do holy worship.
Nyepi which comes from the word sepi (quiet, silent) is actually a Hindu New Year celebration based on the calendar / caka calendar. According to history, Nyepi began in 78 AD. Unlike the celebration of the new year, the Saka New Year in Bali begins with seclusion. There is no activity as usual. All activities are eliminated, including public services, such as the International Airport is closed, but not for hospitals.
There are several implementation dates before and after Nyepi, namely
Three or two days before Nyepi, Hindus conduct purification by performing a Melasti ceremony. On that day, all means of worship in the temple (holy place) are paraded to the beach or lake, because the sea or lake is a source of holy water (tirta amerta) and can purify all leteh (dirty) in human beings and nature.
2. Buta Yadnya and Pengerupukan
The day before Nyepi, which is in “tilem sasih kesanga” (the 9th dead month), Hindus carry out the Buta Yad ceremony at all levels of society, by taking one of the types of caru (sort of offerings) according to their abilities. The Blind Yad is named Pañca Sata (small), Pañca Sanak (medium), and Tawur Agung (large). Tawur or pecaruan itself is Buta Kala cleansing / pemudauda, and all leteh (defilements) are expected to disappear. Caru carried out in each house. This blindness was addressed to Sang Buta Raja, Buta Kala and Batara Kala, by pleading that they not disturb the people.
Mecaru is followed by a ceremony of fertilization, which is spreading tawur rice, treating houses and the entire yard, and hitting any objects (usually kentongan) to making noise / noise. This stage is carried out to expel Buta Kala from the environment of the home, yard and surrounding environment. Especially in Bali, pengrupukan is usually enlivened by the ogoh-ogoh parade which is a manifestation of Buta Kala which is paraded around the neighborhood, and then burned. The aim is the same, that is, to expel Buta Kala from the surrounding environment.
The next day, namely at Pinanggal Pisan, sasih Kedasa (1st, 10th month), the real Nyepi Day arrived. On this day the atmosphere is like dead. There is no activity as usual. On this day Hindus carry out “Chess Brata”. The arrangement consists of observing geni (no fire / not using and or turning on the fire), observing the work (not working), observing the nest (not traveling), and observing auction (not listening) entertainment). And for those who are also able to carry out tapa, brata, yoga, and semadhi. On this day Hindus did not carry out their activities at all as usual. The environment seemed lonely, even like a dead city, there were no lights on, everyone was silent in their homes.
All of that is a necessity for Hindus to have the inner readiness to face every challenge of life in the new year.
4. Ngembak Geni
Ngembak Geni which falls on “pinanggal ping kalih” (the 2nd), it feels good (X month). On this day the Saka New Year enters its second day. Hindus do Dharma Shanti with big families and neighbors, thanking each other and forgiving each other (ksama) with each other, to start a clean new year sheet.